Foreknowledge, Predestination, and Freewill: 18-Jul-21

by Pastor Roy Esposito

  • 1 Samuel 23:1-13 – Two questions:
    1. “Should I go?”
    2. “Will I defeat them?
  • Two questions:
    1. “Will Saul threaten the city because of my presence?”
    2. “Will they deliver me to him?” – God answered “Yes” to all four.
  • But NONE of these events actually occurred!
  • Significance: Foreknowledge does not necessitate predestination.
  • The theological point: That which never happens can be foreknown by God but NOT predestined simply because the event NEVER HAPPENED.
  • The fact that God foresaw an event does not require that the event WILL happen.
  • It may become an ACTUAL event or just a POSSIBILITY.
  • Predestination and Foreknowledge are separable.
  • God may foreknow AND predestine an event which doesn’t necessarily include the decisions to yet be made by those He has granted the gift of FREEWILL.
  • The final outcome of the event may be sovereignly ordained but the MEANS to that end may or may not be ordained.
  • Implications:
    • This is the way God has decided  His rule over human affairs will work.
    • Has significance in understanding the “FALL”  and the presence of all evil in general.
    • God is GOOD and never evil.
  • There is no biblical reason to assert that God is a factor in the evil of the world.
  • There is no biblical reason to argue that God predestined the “Fall” even though He foreknew it.
  • There is no biblical support for the idea that God has factored in all evil acts in history in order to bring about His “Grand Plan” for the universe.
  • God doesn’t need the rape of a child or a holocaust so that some greater good may come from it.
  •  EVIL is a perversion of God’s good gift of freewill.
  • EVil arises from the choices made by imperfect beings – human and divine.
  • Freewill in the hands of imperfect beings, human or divine, means that they can opt for their own authority in place of God’
  • Heaven and Earth are separate but CONNECTED realms.
  • Sadly, BOTH of God’s household have experienced rebellion resulting in a protracted war against God’s original intention.
  • Good News! – God is fully committed to preserve what He began.
  • Philippians 1:6 – “God is the one who began this good work in you and I am certain He won’t stop before it is complete on the day that Christ Jesus returns.”

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